History

The territory of Pluzine municipality, known as Piva, was originally settled a long time ago.


History

The territory of Pluzine municipality, known as Piva, was originally settled a long time ago. Various objects used for work and hunting were found in Odmut cave (2 km downstream from Plužine), suggesting that the existence of human civilization in the region goes back to around 10,000 years. This site was submerged after the construction of the "Piva" dam. According to historical data, Piva, as the part of Slovenia's parish, belonged to the first Serbian state altogether with the areas around the Tara and Lim, which was formed in the ninth century. Afterwards, Piva became part of the state of Zeta's in the X century. Since Nemanja's rule until the disintegration of Dusan's Empire Piva was in the Serbian state again and then within the state of nobility of Nikola Altomanovic and Bosnian King Tvrtko I (XIV century) and then nobility of Sandalj Hranic and finally Stefan Vuksic-Kosaca (Herceg Stjepan, XV century). Herceg Stjepan possessed two fortified towns in Piva; Soko grad above Scepan Polje and Tabangrad above the existing village of Stabna. The walls of Herceg's towns in Piva, Soko and Tabangrada still stand to this day.

From 1465 to 1877 Piva was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. A significant part of the current Piva population originates from immigrants who fled to this region from the lower parts of Zeta after the arrival of the Turks.

People from Piva, being the tribe, participated in numerous uprisings against Turkish imperialism, beginning with the rebellion of Duke Grdan, all the way to liberation from the Turkish Empire in1877. Since the 17th century many moved to the Adriatic coast (Chieftain Bajo Pivljanin and his associates), and later to the other regions.

The largest and the last rebellion against the Turks Empire happened in 1875. During it, Lazar Socica, later Duke of Piva, was particularly distinguished. After these fights, by decisions of Berlin congress in 1878, Piva became part of the Principality of Montenegro.

People from Piva, being the tribe, participated in numerous uprisings against Turkish imperialism, beginning with the rebellion of Duke Grdan, all the way to liberation from the Turkish Empire in 1877. Since the 17th century many moved to the Adriatic coast (Chieftain Bajo Pivljanin and his associates), and later to the other regions. The largest and the last rebellion against the Turks Empire happened in 1875. During it, Lazar Socica, later Duke of Piva, was particularly distinguished. After these fights, by decisions of Berlin congress in 1878, Piva became part of the Principality of Montenegro. People from Piva participated in the National Liberation Movement during World War II and had many victims. At that time, Piva lost 10% of its population.

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